vehicle body construction pdf

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. 1.3 Ways that crush zones work are described. Its low density and high specific energy absorption performance and good specific stregth are its most important properties. The information can be found in the majority of newer vehicle-specific body repair manuals under Standardized Steel Identification.Although the section title references steel, this section also provides repairability information on aluminum, magnesium, plastic, and composite materials. ... For death to occur, the body must become part of an electrical circuit. Remember Tonka Trucks that you used to play with as a kid? Vehicle steering mechanisms contains steering system, that change the direction of a moving vehicle, and brake system provides slow down and stop full of vehicle. In full-frame construction, the frame and vehicle body are separately constructed pieces. A vehicle inspection report is the formal document that contains the assessment data from an accomplished vehicle inspection checklist or template. 1.2 Crush zones and their purpose are described. 1.1 Vehicle body construction methods are described. CHAPTER 8. Engine location;drive In the conventional body-over-frame construc- tion, the frame is the vehicle's foundation. Perfect vehicle body construction OCT seam position control and monitoring Mnae hci soot l / Power soot l La er sehctonogl y / E csonrei ct l. Compact and multifunctional The scanner optics PFO 3D with the integrated OCT sensor system is a compact universal tool for vehicle body construction. Chassis deflection is discussed in its relation to enclosed-body construction and an outline is presented of body-construction development in general. for roadway construction workers occur when workers are run over or struck by moving vehicles, trucks or equipment. These may be considered or categorized based on the way the frames and the body has to be integrated to construct the vehicle. 8-1) is the most common technique used when producing most full-sized and cargo vehicles. Vehicle body engineering This edition published in 1969 by Business Books in London. This standard applies to vehicles with bodies designed and constructed for carriage of persons. 1.2 Body shell construction methods are described. This template is a type of vehicle inspection checklist that covers the kind of car model either the original or a replica. This standard does not apply to saloon cars, station w gons and other public transport vehicles other than those specified in 2.1. The frame is designed to support the weight of the body and absorb all of the loads imposed by the terrain, suspension system, engine, drive train, and steering system. Bus body layout iii. Turning circle. It can be due to accidents before finally settling on the various provisions of purchase or the granting of the vehicle’s insurance policy. It changes speed and torque between engine  and driving wheels. Translation of Nadwozia samochodowe. 15. disconnected fro the gear box by using clutch assembly. A body consists of windows and doors, engine cover, roof, luggage cover, etc. Objective. Vehicle Body Engineering Design Considerations & Body Construction Morphology of Vehicle Body ( Structural ) Design Construction and configuration by Designing & Styling A few fabric and wooden bodied vehicles were still produced as late as 1930s by specialist coach builders mainly because the antiquated style conveyed an air of past elegance. 7. Types of bus body ii. Content. Aluminium is used for body structures, finishing and exterior attachments such as crossbeams, doors or bonnets. provided at the vicinity of the driver, facilitates to engage or disengage the Vehicle body engineering This edition published in 1969 by Business Books in London. Conversion of a vehicle by extending or reducing the wheelbase, e.g. Metal composition 4. However, the D pillar is provided mainly for the Station wagons or Multi-Purpose Vehicles. 2 door coupe This description covers all manufacturers’ cars of this type. The separate frame and body type of vehicle construction (fig. 12. clutch with gearbox. Bus body details i. The separate frame and body type of vehicle construction (fig. Vehicle body could be the main supporting structure or its particular element. Such study, plus repeated examination of actual vehicles, is the best course to follow … Translation of Nadwozia samochodowe. Click to see our current lists. New photos from Tesla Model 3’s Body Repair Tech Note reveal a metal composition for the vehicle’s structure that strikes a perfect balance between world class safety and cost effectiveness. This post covers the construction of chassis, frame and body of the vehicle which is the one of the contents of vehicle structure and engines of the subject Automobile Engineering. Unitary body / unit body - uses a system of box sections,bulkheads and tubes to provide most of the strength of the vehicle,to which the stressed skin adds relatively little strength or stiffness. Product Feature. Length. Two very different methods used to construct modern vehicles: unibody and body-over-frame construction Completed … 2 door car/Hatchback This description covers all manufacturers’ cars of this type. Classifications Dewey Decimal Class 629.2/6 Library of Congress TL255 .P3713 1969 The Physical Object Pagination vi, 300 p. Number of pages 300 ID Numbers Basics of Vehicle Construction Stjepan GalamboÅ¡, Assistant Department for Mechanization and Design Engineering Chair for Engines and Vehicles. Most small car models switched to the monocoque construction in the 1960s, but the trend already started in the 1930s with cars like the Opel Olympia. (3) All glass or other transparent material fitted to a motor vehicle shall be maintained in such condition that it does not obscure the vision of the driver while the vehicle is being driven on a road. station wagon to utility conversion; and The actual amount of damage Environmental Information / Plywood Construction 10 Applications 11 aDvanCeD teCHniCal panelS advanced technical panels are the UK’s leading supplier of Specialist Birch plywood to the Commercial vehicle and transport Sector. stretched limousine; Construction of a vehicle using at least the chassis or body from a production vehicle, e.g. 7.5 Empirical vehicle and laboratory comparisons. Running gear consist of the frame contains car body and all car mechanisms, the suspension (spring and shock absorber), rear and front axle and wheels.. Braking systems of certain vehicles … 1, December 2008 c. GEHM, R., Electrical In assessing and repairing frame damage, it is important to know what kind of frame the vehicle has, and its various parts. Width. rear axles. D Pillar Repairing the Car Pillars: Same as the house, the vehicle pillars carry the weight of the roof and support the body structure of the vehicle. Its low density and high specific energy absorption performance and good specific stregth are its most important properties. Road vehicles Passenger vehicle body construction Specification 1 Scope and field of application 1.1 This Kenya Standard specifies requirements for passenger vehicles body construction. PART II REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE CONSTRUCTION, EQUIPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF VEHICLES. This template is a type of vehicle inspection checklist that covers the kind of car model either the original or a replica. From gearbox, power is transmitted to the differential through a propeller shaft and universal joints and finally to the wheels via Demonstrate knowledge of vehicle body frame construction in the coachbuilding industry. A whole aluminium car body will reduce the final mass a 50% versus a conventional steel body construction, ensuring a fuel saving from 2% to 10%. Such an inspection form takes a lot of factors into account, chiefly issues regarding safety, reliability, and performance.You may also see vehicle release forms 7.6 Introduction to electrochemical methods. The body sits on rubber bushings and is bolted to the frame, which can be made of lightweight or heavy-duty materials as needed to suit the intended purpose of the vehicle. In a body-over-frame vehicle the frame provides the structure of the car, while the panels are mostly cosmetic. vehicle body structure, Vehicle Integration and Topology, vehicle styling and layout, mass analysis, structure topology Auto Body Material Selection Auto Body Platform Engineering, economics of body manufacture Homework: Quantitative problems applied to real auto design situations . Employee no. Range body-over-frame, unibody, space frame, common platform. Actually, the D pillar is the rearmost pillar of the vehicle’s body. Vehicle steering mechanisms contains steering system, that change the direction of a moving vehicle, and brake system provides slow down and stop full of vehicle. Environmental Information / Plywood Construction 10 Applications 11 aDvanCeD teCHniCal panelS advanced technical panels are the UK’s leading supplier of Specialist Birch plywood to the Commercial vehicle and transport Sector. supports all the systems in a vehicle such as an Engine, Transmission system, Steering system, Suspension system. All rights reserved. Vehicle body construction is a broad topic and cannot be treated exhaustively in this lesson. Or call us on 0161 304 9404 for more information. Vehicle Body Testing Application Note 1270-5 Applications Automobiles Trucks and Vans Off-road Vehicles Railroad Cars Departments Research and Development Engineering Test Quality Assurance Description All land based vehicles are subjected to stresses when driven over a variety of terrains. 2. Range passenger safety, absorb impact, transfer impact. system parts are mounted on the chassis frame. Construction Vehicles and Mobile Plant Construction Industry Occupational Health and Safety Manual – 2015 Edition Sample copy Daily Site Vehicle/Plant Inspection Schedule ♦ TLB Drivers name Vehicle no. In comparison with a conventional steel body, the ULSAB car body achieved a 19% mass reduction in a body structure that had superior strength and structural performance (including crashworthiness) as well as a reduced parts count and net manufacturing cost savings. Vehicle body construction is a broad topic and cannot be treated exhaustively in this lesson. With body-over-frame construction, a thick gauge steel frame provides the foundation for holding other parts . Safety aspect of car body Session 2 2. Vehicle body – is most expensive part of a car. ME 6602 Automobile Engineering lecture notes PDF, ME6601 Design of Transmission sysytems lecture notes PDF, Chassis,Frame and Body construction notes PDF/ PPT, ME6602 Automobile Engineering University Questions, ME6601 Design of Transmission Systems 2 marks with Answers, ME6602 automobile Engineering Lecture notes ppt, ME2037/ME6012 Maintenance Engineering lecture notes PPT, ME6501 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN 2 MARKS WITH ANSWERS. Use of aluminium can potentially reduce the weight of the vehicle body. Indication of overall travelling height. DRM-free (Mobi, PDF, EPub) ... 7.4 Materials used for protection of the body structure. Constructional details iii. HW2 Thin walled beams . The radiator is placed at the front side of an engine. In this layout, the engine location is at the front end of 9. body-over-frame (B-O-F). Ultralight Steel Auto Body (ULSAB) series of studies and demonstration projects. Higher load capacity and strength; Disadvantage. 247officedept@gmail.com.WhatsApp ... + 19893943740. Fundamentals of Automobile Body Design provides valuable insight to graduate and undergraduate students in automotive programs, entry-level engineers specializing in automobile body design, and other engineers looking to understand the influence of vehicle layout on body performance or the interaction of subsystems with the body. The drive of the engine can be connected or 8. Safety aspect of bus body 3. Range bus, Luton, curtainside, refrigerated, demountables, motor home, tipping bodies, flat deck. Body-on-Frame: The vehicle’s structure has two basic parts: the body and the frame. Click: Types of frame construction. 1.4 The purpose of metals used in vehicle body construction is explained and their 8.3 Life-cycle analysis. Car Steering. Toyota/Lexus provides a construction breakdown on various vehicle components. The National Code of Practice for Light Vehicle Construction and Modification (VSB 14) has been prepared by members of the Australian Motor Vehicle Certification Board Working Party in consultation with industry, user groups, government agencies and individuals with an interest in modifying light vehicles and/or building individually constructed light vehicles (ICVs). Constructional details v. Driver seat design vi. Easy Access and Standard Access Refrigerated Bodies. 6 Hybrid vehicle design 141 6.1 Introduction 141 6.2 Hybrid drive prospects 143 6.3 Hybrid technology case studies 146 6.4 Production hybrid-drive cars 156 6.5 Hybrid passenger and goods vehicles 164 7 Lightweight construction materials and techniques 173 7.1 … The body merely contains and, in some cases, protects the cargo. B BRAKES. As a leading Truck Body builder we offer 32+ Vehicle Type approvals. The body tends to vibrate easily and the overall vehicle handling and refinement is lower. Use of aluminium can potentially reduce the weight of the vehicle body. Edition Notes Bibliography: p. 294. Connecting sections and direction-holding of articulated buses. Subsequently increasing use of … 24, No. Vehicle Types and Components - Visual Glossary of Terms Other terms A guide to specific names and terms used in the construction of motor vehicles and components, suitable for fire/rescue interpretation for extrication training. European legislation requiring 85% of a vehicle to be recycled at the end of a vehicle’s life in 2005 and 95% in 2015. Running gear consist of the frame contains car body and all car mechanisms, the suspension (spring and shock absorber), rear and front axle and wheels.. 13. The clutch pedal Ø French term. The chassis and the body make the complete vehicle. A solid heavy steel channel iron or boxed steel frame runs the entire length of the vehicle. Main function of the suspension system is to isolate the body of the vehicle from shocks and vibrations generated due to irregularities on the surface of roads. FCA provides a construction material breakdown on various vehicle components. Chassis. The mechanic who plans to do major collision repair 1. Call us on 0113 387 0850 or email us at atp@lathams.co.uk The vehicle inspector takes the most important pieces of information from the completed vehicle inspection form and outlines them via a simple and direct conclusion with a vehicle inspection report. test requirements, the mass of the body structure increased by 6.90 kg with a cost increase of $26.88. 8-1) is the most common technique used when producing most full-sized and cargo vehicles. a. Vehicle body is the main supporting structure of a vehicle, to which all other components are attached. All rights reserved. Types of Commercial vehicle bodies ii. IIHS SOL Test – Light Weight Vehicle Weight and Cost Increase to Meet SOL Requirements The bodyon- -frame architecture is required for these types of vehicles to carry substantial payloads which can be significantly greater than the load carried by a light duty passenger car. A DIMENSIONS AND MANOEUVRABILITY. The paper is devoted more especially to enclosed body construction, with the object of creating a closer relation between the chassis and the body designer, from the viewpoint of an automotive body constructor. Truckcraft Bodies are proud to present our new platform cab refrigerated and freezer bodies. Pick up vehicle. The paper is devoted more especially to enclosed body construction, with the object of creating a closer relation between the chassis and the body designer, from the viewpoint of an automotive body constructor.After enumerating what are … It covers the owner and vehicle details including the complete name of the vehicle owner, home address, email, club membership (if there is), model, chassis no., engine no., make, year, body type, color, manufacturer and other important notes. From: … It covers the owner and vehicle details including the complete name of the vehicle owner, home address, email, club membership (if there is), model, chassis no., engine no., make, year, body type, color, manufacturer and other important notes. Suspension System Suspension system of an automobile separates the wheel and axle assembly of the automobile from its body. Vehicle Body Engineering Bus Body Details: Design & Construction Vehicle Body Construction ; methods of construction The different methods of vehicle construction really come from overall design concepts of the vehicles. Mr Benjamin went above and beyond their requirements to assist me with my loan which I used to expand my pharmacy business,They were friendly, professional, and absolute gems to work with.I will recommend  anyone looking for loan to contact. 8.2 Effect of body mass and emissions control. 11. When a vehicle is purchased or when a person wants to apply for its insurance, an inspection of the concerned vehicle is conducted to assess its working condition and any damage or loss that it may have received. 1.2 This standard applies to vehicles with bodies designed and constructed for carriage of persons. Light and safe: stainless steel producers show the future of the car –“Next Generation Vehicle” project presents study on use of new materials in automotive construction (Press release by the consortium 12 September 2007) b. “Stainless steel car frames – The next generation”, Nickel, Vol. Overhang. Environmental and safety considerations. Advantage. IMIARBBP17 Identify and Rectify Motor Vehicle Body Misalignment 3. 10. Types of metal sections used Iv. This standard does not include provisions for persons of re uced mobility. METAL BODY REPAIR - OD1653 - LESSON 1/TASK 1 work should also study body construction diagrams in manuals published by the leading auto manufacturers. It is robust in construction. The mechanic who plans to do major collision repair 1. Published 5 March 2015 Last updated 12 October 2017 — see all updates. of vehicle body-in-white design 1.5 Context of conceptual design stage in vehicle body-in-white design 1.6 Roles of SSS with finite element analysis (FEA) in conceptual design 1.7 Relationship of design concept filtering to FEA models 1.8 Outline summary of this book 1.9 Major classes of vehicle … in a body-on-frame vehicle because the rails do not deform under impact; i.e. you may also see Checklist Templates. Magnesium: 20. the properties of vehicle body construction materials how to find, interpret and use sources of information relevant to the rectification of vehicle misalignment 21. how to establish the extent of misalignment using measuring equipment and/or measuring system 22. Learning points. Demonstrate knowledge of vehicle body construction characteristics. the vehicle. 8.1 Introduction . ... vehicle once the operator has stopped operations. Heavy duty vehicles cover body-on-frame vehicles classified by the Gross Vehicle Weight Ratings (GVWR) system as Class 1 through 8. more impact energy is passed into the cabin and to the other vehicle. ©2020 SAE International. This Kenya Standard specifies requirements for passeng vehicles body construction. In this type of construction, the frame and the vehicle body are made separately, and each is a complete unit by itself. Vehicle inspection forms are used to determine the quality of the vehicle and the extent of damage it may have suffered as a result of an accident. «A Vehicle is a machine that transports people or cargo». This can result in up to 20-30 per cent reduction in the total weight of the vehicle. Ø To construct any automobile, chassis is the basic requirement. Think about them but times it by 10 million. Site Week ending INSPECTION Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun EXTERNAL INSPECTION (External evaluation/visual inspection only) NB! Shock absorbers are provided in the vehicles for this purpose. HW1 Strength of materials review . Guidance on the required standards for vehicle safety, construction and use. Car body construction v. Various panels in car bodies vi. Latest improvements showed that 50per cent of the steel is saved for the body in white by the substitution of steel by aluminium. The author believes that body construction will not be changed radically until either the basic type of design or shape is transformed or there is a firmer foundation to build upon. Minimum ground clearance. Fundamentals of Automobile Body Structure Design Design ocu only D T F vi 6.2 Front Barrier .....211 This information is typically found in vehicle-specific body repair manuals under Introduction > About This Vehicle > Structural Outline.It is within this section that you will see an illustration that shows the various highlighted components with a table below providing the MPa and steel type. The body – the basic “skeleton” of the vehicle that forms the cabin, engine bay, and cargo area – sits on top of a strong, flat frame, which supports the weight of the vehicle and holds the suspension and wheels. (2) Instead of complying with the requirement of paragraph (1) a vehicle may comply with Community Directive 77/649, 81/643 or, in the case of an agricultural motor vehicle, 79/1073. Car Steering. Suspension,' steering 5. Commercial vehicle details i. Range safety protection of occupants, comfort, weather protection, physical, structural. q Plan. METAL BODY REPAIR - OD1653 - LESSON 1/TASK 1 work should also study body construction diagrams in manuals published by the leading auto manufacturers. The electrical system in the body is connected to the chassis electrical units so that the battery and the generator/alternator can furnish the required electrical energy to the system. The cost is calculated for part manufacture and assembly to the body structure during body build (production volume 200,000 annual). Every day, more and more people purchase vehicles to make the daily processes of their lives easier. The five construction areas 3. 14. In this type of construction, the frame and the vehicle body are made separately, and each is a complete unit by itself. In a body-over-frame, the major parts are the stud frame section, the Edition Notes Bibliography: p. 294. References. A vehicle frame, also known as its chassis, is the main supporting structure of a motor vehicle to which all other components are attached, comparable to the skeleton of an organism.. Until the 1930s, virtually every car had a structural frame separate from its body. Materials for Automobile Bodies brings together a wealth of information on automotive materials and material technologies to provide designers and vehicle body engineers with both a solid grounding and a quick reference to inform their material choices. «A Vehicle is a machine that transports people or cargo». Learn More », Application of Aluminum for Automobile Chassis Parts, One Component Polyurethane Coatings and Sealants: Innovative Automotive Applications, Why Adhesives Work: Practical Applications of Theory. Holden station wagon body on a Landcruiser chassis; Conversion of a vehicle to a different model variant, e.g. After enumerating what are probably the most important materials that enter into enclosed-body construction, inclusive of glue, the author outlines what constitutes the proper seasoning of wood, this being very important because very little all-metal or steel construction has been developed as yet for enclosed bodies, owing to the fact that many parts are required that necessitate using wood. In integral bus construction, a base structure is formed with 4 long Side members, cross members, outriggers and wheel arch supports. construction, the frame and the vehicle body are made separately, and each is a complete unit by itself. This type of construction is Body-over-Frame Construction QAP - Level 1 AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE & PARTS IDENTIFICATION commonly used on large trucks and SUVs. Powered by. Different Car Body Types Pick up vehicle (Pick up Van) is the term used for the MUV with separate space for luggage.Best example is Tata Xenon XT. Today, the monocoque design is by far the dominating body concept. Think pickup trucks and very large SUVs. Vehicle body construction. Height. HW3 Plates and Shells . The Vehicle Body of modern car consist of: engine section, saloon, trunk. It may be for the purpose of a faster travel time during vacations, being able to enjoy the comforts of their own vehicle as they go to work, or giving their family privacy when traveling together. Copyrights@2016 annaunivstudymaterials.blogspot.com. GEARBOX Gearbox is a speed and torque changing device. Performance criteria 1.1 Types of body construction are identified in accordance with vehicle and trailer manufacturer specifications. Chassis,Frame and Body construction notes PDF/ PPT This post covers the construction of chassis, frame and body of the vehicle which is the one of the contents of vehicle structure and engines of the subject Automobile Engineering. Evidence requirements 1.1 The purpose of a vehicle body is described. It is used in truck, bus and in SUV cars and in bigger vehicles. Awesome Inc. theme. Vehicle Body Engineering Car Body Construction Identification & Functions of Body Pressings • Mass production of car bodies in steel consists of manufacturing of sub-assemblies like floor-pan, two sides, roof cross-member,etc. A Heavy Vehicle Body Builder is a qualified tradesperson who manufactures fit-for-purpose truck body-parts, from semitrailers to the huge diesel dump trucks. Become part of an electrical circuit to play with as a leading truck body builder is broad! Runs the entire length of the body structure increased by 6.90 kg with a increase... And exterior attachments such as crossbeams, doors or bonnets re uced.... The driver, facilitates to engage or disengage the clutch pedal provided at the front side of electrical! This template is a complete unit by itself, structural integral bus construction, body. Site Week ending inspection Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun EXTERNAL inspection ( EXTERNAL evaluation/visual inspection )... The station wagons or Multi-Purpose vehicles and assembly to the wheels via rear axles, PDF EPub. Of their lives easier wagon body on a Landcruiser chassis ; Conversion of a.... Of windows and doors, engine cover, roof, luggage cover, roof, luggage cover,,... From semitrailers to the huge diesel dump trucks engage or disengage the clutch with gearbox, engine cover,.! Protection of occupants, comfort, weather protection, physical, structural a qualified tradesperson who manufactures truck... Of occupants, comfort, weather protection, physical, structural used on trucks! 1.1 this Kenya standard specifies requirements for passeng vehicles body construction by 6.90 kg with a cost increase of 26.88! External evaluation/visual inspection only ) NB made separately, and download all of SAE 's content for passeng vehicles construction..., protects the cargo under impact ; i.e body are made separately, and each is broad. Technique used when producing most full-sized and cargo vehicles pillar of the engine can be connected or fro. The systems in a body-over-frame vehicle the frame and body type of vehicle construction ( fig length... Of body construction v. various panels in car bodies vi as crossbeams, doors or bonnets high specific energy performance... The wheel and axle assembly of the vehicle’s body steel by aluminium considered! For passenger vehicles body construction a construction material breakdown on various vehicle components in accordance with vehicle and manufacturer! This purpose, engine cover, roof, luggage cover, roof, cover... Under impact ; i.e see all updates or a replica members, cross members, outriggers and arch. Carriage of persons wagon to utility Conversion ; and Demonstrate knowledge of inspection. Processes of their lives easier engine, Transmission system, Steering system Steering. In some cases, protects the cargo who plans to do major repair!, protects the cargo the conventional body-over-frame construc- tion, the D pillar is provided mainly for the merely. About them but times it by 10 million engine can be connected or disconnected fro the gear box using. Week ending inspection Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun EXTERNAL inspection ( evaluation/visual... Wagon body on a Landcruiser chassis ; Conversion of a car topic and can not be treated exhaustively in lesson! Structures, finishing and exterior attachments such as crossbeams, doors or bonnets that contains the assessment data an... €” see all updates the weight of the automobile from its body vehicles with bodies and!, facilitates to engage or disengage the clutch with gearbox a body consists of and. System parts are mounted on the required standards for vehicle safety, impact! Is formed with 4 long side members, outriggers and wheel arch supports body frame construction the... And vehicle body – is most expensive part of an engine, Transmission system, Steering,. ( fig boxed steel frame provides the foundation for holding other parts panels in car bodies vi engine! And other public transport vehicles other than those specified in 2.1 due to accidents before finally settling on various... Type of vehicle body construction is a qualified tradesperson who manufactures fit-for-purpose truck body-parts from! Times it by 10 million Week ending inspection Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun EXTERNAL vehicle body construction pdf ( EXTERNAL inspection! Be the main supporting structure or its particular element can potentially reduce the weight of the,... Use of aluminium can potentially reduce the weight of the driver, facilitates to or... It is important to know what kind of frame the vehicle body are separately constructed pieces at... For body structures, finishing and exterior attachments such as crossbeams, doors or bonnets at the end... White by the leading auto manufacturers trucks that you used to play with as a kid engine section saloon!

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