Wastewater treatment is lacking or includes only physical treatment in underdeveloped and developing countries due to installation and operating costs of a treatment plant. So we can say that all fiber are not textile fiber. The subject of investigating the alternating finishing and coloration processing sequences may offer the enhanced finish effects or coloration effects [14, 15, 16, 17]. Their use became limited once cotton acquired the prime status in plant fibers. As PhD students, we found it difficult to access the research we needed, so we decided to create a new Open Access publisher that levels the playing field for scientists across the world. Today the textile industry encompasses a significant number and variety of processes… 3 . Publishing on IntechOpen allows authors to earn citations and find new collaborators, meaning more people see your work not only from your own field of study, but from other related fields too. However, any dyestuff is suitable for a particular type of fiber for dyeing. Textile testing starts with textile fibers and goes all the way through to the final product. Textile also refers to the yarns, threads and wools that can be spun, woven, tufted, tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth. Garments and other articles fabricated from fibers, yarns, or fabrics when the products retain the characteristic flexibility and drape of the original fabrics. OekoTech or EcoTech (textiles in environment protection)—erosion protection, air cleaning, prevention of water pollution, waste treatment/recycling, etc. Relative to cotton and wool, natural silk is not produced in significant quantity. 7 . If you want to download this book , you need to write an unique article about textile related topics. Effects Of Acids: Textils are commonly subjected to acid solution of one sort or another, and the effect of different acids under varying conditions are important. Some fibers are harmful for the environment like: Polypropylene. Textile fibers provided an integral component in modern society and physical structure known for human comfort and sustainability. The textile industry market is mainly represented by countries China, the USA, India, and the European Union. Yarns made from natural or manufactured fibers. Fineness varies from one fiber to another fiber. Studied at Amanullah University College | Currently, technical textiles occupy strong market consumption. The quest for better garment and apparel led to the development of textile fiber production and textile manufacturing process. Study on four truck circular knitting machine. Studied at Bangladesh University of Textiles (BUTEX) | depend upon the end-use requirement of fabric to be produced for woven or knitted end products (e.g., apparel or industrial fabrics), sewing thread, or cordage. Sign In. ProTech—protective gloves, knife and bulletproof vest, flame-retardant and chemical-resistant clothing, etc. Each processing stage in yarn manufacturing utilized the machine of specialized nature and provided quality effects in yarn production. This standard is particularly useful for legal regulations, for example on banned azo colorants, and harmful chemicals. Asian countries including India, China, Bangladesh, and Vietnam are expected to see a flourishing market with the support of public policies. The market consumption is forecasted for growth at CAGR of 5.1% between 2016 and 2021, reaching to a market value of USD 961.0 billion in 2021 . The selection of any pretreatment process, its composition, and methodology depends upon the end-use requirement of the textile product. India is rich in plant resources and the use of a variety of natural fibers such as banana, pineapple, sisal, hemp, coconut, palm, grasses etc was widely prevalent in olden times. The global textile industry associated with the apparel and non-apparel products is expected to exceed USD 1000 billion in the next couple of years . Nanofibers are fibers with diameters in the nanometer range. HomeTech—sofa and furniture fabric, floor covering, mattresses, pillow, etc. The textile manufacturing processes are largely required by the fashion segment in the global textile market. The global textile functional finishing is experiencing continuous growth, and the trend is forecasted to survive in the future. Textile fibers provided an integral component in modern society and physical structure known for human... 2. 4 . In general the conventional post-fiber formation processes may mainly be classified as physical and chemical textile manufacturing processes. We are IntechOpen, the world's leading publisher of Open Access books. Processing stages in cotton yarn manufacturing . Dyeing of textile substrate is performed using any of the dyestuff including reactive, direct, sulfur, vat, pigment, acid, and disperse, depending upon the dye-fiber system compatibility. 4.2 Researches for organic processing 21 4.3 Introduction to eco-friendly processes 22 4.4 Serving resources in textiles 23 4.5 Dow Corning and denim processing 27 5. Emergence of technical textile products from 1990 and its growth with knitted and woven textiles . It includes textile fiber production and processing through blow room, carding, drawing, and combing; and fabric production including knitted, woven, nonwoven, and subsequent coloration and finishing and apparel manufacturing. Peter described the yarn production technology in combination with the economics . No need to spinneret for spinning process. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? Our readership spans scientists, professors, researchers, librarians, and students, as well as business professionals. ), All kinds of machineries(e.g: Spinning machineries, Weaving machineries, Knitting machineries, Dyeing machineries, Testing machineries etc. SportTech—sports shoe, swimsuit, sports nets, sleeping bags, sail cloths, etc. Several interesting works on the production of yarn are available that provide details of the material processing and technological control. It has a characteristic of accommodating the body contour and provided the ease of movement. Flax fibers was discovered had been twisted,cut,dyed a range of colors. Water, energy and chemicals consumption in main processing sections of textile industry. • Desizing, bleaching, scoring, mercerizing. Important topics covered include review of yarn production, filament yarn production, carding and prior processes for short-staple fibers, sliver preparation, short-staple spinning, long-staple spinning, post-spinning processes, quality control, and economics of staple-yarn production. Help us write another book on this subject and reach those readers. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. Imparting the required level of fiber property for subsequent processing of textile substrate. Natural Polymer Fibers: The most common natural polymer fibre is viscose, which is made from the polymer cellulose obtained mostly from farmed trees. The dyeing method used can be continuous, semicontinuous, and batching. Yarn manufacturing using cotton fibers through a sequence of processing stages may be shown by process flow diagram (Figure 4) . Man is a friend of fashion in nature. We are a community of more than 103,000 authors and editors from 3,291 institutions spanning 160 countries, including Nobel Prize winners and some of the world’s most-cited researchers. There may be than 1900 chemicals used in the production of clothing; where the European Union classified 165 the EU chemicals as hazardous to environment. The other important natural fibers used in conventional textile products are wool and silk. Man is an ancient friend of fashion. These fibres are very often used to reinforce plastics to form composites. Textile Printing is the localized or discontinuous application of dyes or pigments to produce various designs or motifs on the fabric. The USA is the major textile market for the consumption of special finishes. are the important properties of cotton to remain an important textile fiber in the market. Our team is growing all the time, so we’re always on the lookout for smart people who want to help us reshape the world of scientific publishing. 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