ethiopian highlands continent

Other fauna in the area also includes aardvark, eagle, Egyptian wolf, gelada, secretarybird, Nubian ibex, and marabou stork and Ethiopian endemic species such as the shrew (Crocidura harenna), the narrow-footed woodland mouse (Grammomys minnae), and Menelik's bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus meneliki), which is a subspecies with long, dark fur. Towards the southern part of Ethiopia the highland turns into lowland. This rifting gave rise to large alkaline basalt shield volcanoes beginning about 30–31 million years ago. Its Highlands contain the largest continuous area of high altitude land in the whole of the continent. It is a continent of many habitats, from sandy shorelines, wetlands, and forests to rocky highlands, savannas, and kopjes. Its summit, Ras Dashen (4,550 m), is the highest peak in Ethiopia. The land is very fertile, capable of three harvests a year. It is … The population in Lalibela is almost completely Ethiopian Orthodox Christian. It forms the largest continuous area of its altitude in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (4,921 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4550 m (14,928 ft). Notice: It seems you have Javascript disabled in your Browser. The range includes peaks of over 4,000 m. Among these are Mount Tullu Demtu (4,337 m), which is the second-highest major independent mountain in Ethiopia, and Mount Batu (4,307 m). It is the 4,533 m high Mount Ras Dejen. . About 25 percent of the world’s degraded land is located in Africa ([58]; [56]). Lalibela is a former capital which contains one of Christianity’s most important sites; a series of 13th century churches carved out of rock with according to legend the help of angels. Batu 4307 Pyrenees Pic de Aneto Ural Mountains Mt. Around 30 million years ago, a flood basalt plateau began to form, piling layers upon layers of voluminous fissure-fed basaltic lava flows. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft). [/caption], Your email address will not be published. Further, these mountains catch the precipitation of the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean, resulting in a rainy season that lasts from June until mid-September. The Bale Mountains, also designated a national park, are nearly as high as those of Semien. GPS constraints on broad scale extension in the Ethiopian Highlands and Main Ethiopian Rift Yelebe Birhanu1, Rebecca Bendick1, Shimeles Fisseha2, Elias Lewi2, Michael Floyd3, Robert King3, and Robert Reilinger3 1DepartmentofGeosciences,UniversityofMontana, Missoula,Montana,USA,2InstituteofGeophysics,SpaceSciencesand Astronomy, Addis Ababa … The predominant climate of the Ethiopian Highlands is the Alpine climate. More widespread mammals found here include the mantled guereza (Colobus guereza), which is also threatened as its habitat disappears as does that of many other mammals of the highlands such as olive baboon (Papio anubis), Egyptian wolf (Canis aureus), leopard (Panthera pardus), lion (Panthera leo), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), caracal (Caracal caracal), serval (Leptailurus serval), common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), and giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni). The northwestern portion, which covers the Tigray and Amhara Regions, includes the Semien Mountains, part of which has been designated the Simien Mountains National Park. While the population is in a state of flux, still it is estimated that there are fewer than 500 individuals left in the world, making it the most endangered carnivore in Africa: the Ethiopian Wolf. While containing large stretches of plains in the east and south, the country is dominated by highlands, which rise to well over 3,000 ft (1,300 m), and the Great Rift Valley , which is several hundred meters below sea level. In the southern parts of the Ethiopian Highlands once was located the Kingdom of Kaffa, a medieval early modern state, whence the coffee plant was exported to the Arabian Peninsula. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in northeast part of Africa. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. They live as if on an island in the middle of a continent plagued by crises and problems. Back in Geological time, the highland was a major plateau, which through time has been strongly effected by erosion. The interior part of Ethiopia is covered by the Ethiopian Highlands and continues further north into Eritrea. The Highlands, firmly wedged in the Horn of Africa, form the largest high altitude area on the continent, with peaks over 4,500m and plateaus spreading across huge areas above 1,500m. Geology. In order to submit a comment to this post, please write this code along with your comment: 9b72fc8c491d88390cee6b9a8e954540. The Ethiopian Highlands are the largest continuous mountain ranges in Africa, and the Sof Omar Caves contains the largest cave on the continent. Depuis l'indépendance de l'Érythrée en 1993, l'Éthiopie n'a plus d'accès à la mer. Asked by Wiki User. High up in the remote highlands of Ethiopia roams a hunter so rare that to get even a glimpse of it is considered to be a privilege. The Ethiopian Highlands are Africa’s largest continuous mountain range. The Ethiopian Highlands form the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (4,921 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4550 m (14,928 ft). 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