Bougainville looks set to become the world’s newest nation after voters backed independence from Papua New Guinea About 98% of people on South Pacific island voted in favour of independence Only 3,043 voters supported Bougainville remaining part of Papua New Guinea Morrison's demand for apology over fake image 'unfortunate', Chinese deputy ambassador says, How do you protect women from abuse? This means Bougainville has its own constitution, government, and public service, and it controls certain areas like policing and health. But they are geographically located far from the PNG mainland and the islanders trace their ethnic and cultural kinship instead to the Solomon Islands, an archipelago to the immediate southeast of Bougainville. It won't," she said. The process (1) _____ for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of nations. That 10-year conflict, which raged from 1988 until 1998, saw the deaths of up to 20,000 people, or around 10 per cent of Bougainville's population at that time. Published: 03:53 EST, 11 December 2019 | Updated: 11:14 EST, 11 December 2019. Last December the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, an area in Papua New Guinea (PNG), voted in a referendum for independence, a move motivated by a history of violence and conflict. Today's results will prompt a dash for influence among regional powers China, the United States and Australia. Speaking in Buka, Ahern urged all sides to recognise a vote that was about 'your peace, your history, and your future' and showed 'the power of the pen over weapons'. The Joint Supervisory Body, the JSB, was to meet on Friday in Port Moresby. The people of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly vote for independence from Papua New Guinea, but the path ahead is pocked with pitfalls. La Bougainville Rugby Football League (BRFL), affiliée à la Papua New Guinea Rugby Football League (PNGRFL), compte dans le championnat 2018 huit clubs . SYDNEY, Australia — The region of Bougainville, a collection of islands in the South Pacific, has voted overwhelmingly to become independent from Papua New Guinea, aiming to … "Whatever the outcome, it won't make us cross or fight. Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. "There are strong indications from former fighters, the [PNG] defence force, the BRA and from the leadership that whatever the outcome, there will not be another conflict," he said. Choose date and time: × Yesterday. A ceremony to announce the results of Bougainville's historic referendum opened with a chorus of the Bougainville anthem. Background on Bougainville The 1886 Anglo-German Agreement separated Bougainville, which is culturally and geographically a part of the Solomon … But Mr Kama said he doubted there would be a resurgence of violence, given the peace that has endured over the past two decades. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, a chain of islands that lie 959 kilometres northwest of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) capital, Port Moresby, has voted unequivocally for independence. At the time, this was 10 per cent of the population. The vote was held on the island between the 23rd of November and the 7th of December. However, Port Moresby retains control in key areas associated with national sovereignty, like defence and foreign relations. John Momis, right, president of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, prepares to vote in Buka, Papua New Guinea, Saturday, Nov. 23, 2019, in a historic referendum to decide if they want to become the world's newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea. 'The strength of the vote would seem to make it all but inevitable. 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The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (2) _____ for independence in a referendum. And despite having the support of Australia, Papua New Guinea was … Bougainville consists of a small cluster of islands and atolls that are, for now, part of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Following weeks of anticipation, the people of Bougainville woke on Wednesday to news of a new president-elect. These resources also played a significant role in the island's civil war. "People will often tell you things like 'Bougainville has shed blood, they've been through a lot, and they now deserve to have their choice respected.". Independence could see Bougainville forge its own diplomatic ties, create its own currency and join the United Nations, among a range of other powers. Bal Kama, a PhD candidate at the Australian National University, said the voting margin would most likely play a role in how Port Moresby approaches post-vote negotiations. Related Story: Bougainville may become the world's newest nation — here's what you need to know A ceremony to announce the results of Bougainville's historic referendum opened with a chorus of the Bougainville anthem. Papua New Guinea’s province of Bougainville in the South Pacific is a step closer to independence after a referendum showed an overwhelming majority want to establish a new nation… AEST = Australian Eastern Standard Time which is 10 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). No. The announcement prompted loud cheers, applause and tears as dignitaries burst into song, with strains of the islands' anthem 'My Bougainville' ringing out. About 207,000 Bougainvilleans are registered to … Research from the Lowy Institute has suggested there is a risk for another crisis on Bougainville if, in the event of an overwhelming vote in favour of independence, PNG's Parliament failed to ratify the decision. The islands of Bougainville were brought under the umbrella of the new Papua New Guinean nation in 1975. People voting in the referendum will be given two options to choose from: greater autonomy from Papua New Guinea or complete independence. Australasia . Last December the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, an area in Papua New Guinea (PNG), voted in a referendum for independence, a move motivated by a history of violence and conflict. ', 'Port Moresby will need to quickly digest the result,' he added, 'they'll need to be ready to talk about the timetable for independence.'. A false start for PNG-Bougainville consultations The Interpreter 19:24 1-Dec-20. On 23 November this year, Bougainvilleans will vote in a referendum to decide whether they wish to stay part of Papua New Guinea or become an independent nation. Scotland may hold the answer, Japan will 'spare no effort' to deliver safe Olympics, despite immense budget blowout, After fleeing violence in Myanmar, hundreds of Rohingya are now being moved to a remote island, Sydney hotel worker likely caught COVID-19 from self-isolating US airline crew, Jury in Jarryd Hayne rape trial says it's unable to reach unanimous verdict, Mother accused of misusing son's funeral funds hasn't had grief counselling despite 50 requests, lawyers say, India stifles Australia's chase following controversial concussion sub to take 1-0 lead in T20 series, Spies could soon have greater powers to snoop on calls. In 2011, the region had an … Bougainville, officially the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea. Lauren Beaver Recommended for you Bougainville residents queue to vote at a polling station in an historic independence vote in Buka on November 23, 2019. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, a chain of islands that lie 959 kilometres northwest of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) capital, Port Moresby, has voted unequivocally for independence. NEW DAWN FM NEWS With the rise of law and order issues throughout Bougainville, the Chief of the Bougainville Police Service Francis Tokura is appealing to all Bougainvilleans in the region to respect the rule of law. Bertie Ahern, the Chairman of the Bougainville Referendum Commission, declared today that 176,928 people - around 98 per cent of voters - had backed independence in a referendum. When the overwhelming result for independence was handed down, people spontaneously started singing it again. At the time, the Panguna mine accounted for more than half of Papua New Guinea's export earnings. Australia could soon have a new nation right on its doorstep, as the people of Bougainville start to cast their votes in a referendum on whether they should seek independence from Papua New Guinea. La Bougainville Rugby Football League (BRFL), affiliée à la Papua New Guinea Rugby Football League (PNGRFL), compte dans le championnat 2018 huit clubs . Once the results are announced, the governments of Papua New Guinea and Bougainville will enter a period of consultation — the path forward will then need to be ratified by a vote in PNG's Parliament, and that's where things could get tricky. People queue to vote at a polling station in the capital Buka in a historical independence vote on November 25, Residents hold a Bougainville flag at a polling station during a non-binding independence referendum in Arawa in November. Photo: Johnny Blades / RNZ Pacific. Politicians, he said, 'now have a huge task to implement the wishes of our people.'. Bougainville housed one of the world's largest open-cut copper mines through the '70s and '80s. The autonomous region of Bougainville has voted overwhelmingly in favour of becoming independent from Papua New Guinea, paving the way for the group of islands to become the world’s newest nation. 'There's no misinterpreting this result - Bougainville wants independence' said Shane McLeod of Sydney's Lowy Institute. Former Bougainville MP Theresa Jaintong, who is also a local chief and the president of PNG's National Council of Women, made similar comments this week to Radio Australia's Tok Pisin service. The referendum is an important step in the peace process between groups on Bougainville and Papua New Guinea, following the bloody Bougainville Civil War. According to this act, Bougainville was supposed to be a part of Papua New Guinea but is declared itself to be a republic of the North Solomon. The South Pacific archipelago of Bougainville on Wednesday overwhelmingly voted to become independent of Papua New Guinea, becoming the world's latest territory to … Concern PNG political instability might disrupt Bougainville talks Radio New Zealand 05:54 20-Nov-20. "I think there is a great deal of awareness that mining can create harmful events — nowhere is that more obvious than in Bougainville," she said. Papua New Guinea’s Bougainville takes major step towards independence. 2803 - Bougainville: Civil War leads to new nation. original video: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=qjig_qNUmsM My Bougainville is the anthem of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea. Photo: Ness Kerton/AFP via Getty Images Since French explorer Louis de Bougainville arrived on the palm-fringed Melanesian archipelago more than two hundred years ago, control has passed from Germany, to Australia, to Japan, to the United Nations and eventually to Papua New Guinea. Pollution caused by the massive Panguna operation was also a major source of tension. - In the 19th century, Bougainville was colonised by Germany. The civil war that subsequently broke out between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army, Papua New Guinean forces and other pro-PNG militias on the island saw the mine shut down in 1989, and it has remained closed despite controversial attempts to reopen it in recent years. The referendum saw 85 per cent voter turnout during three weeks of voting, with 97.7 per cent of voters choosing independence from Papua New Guinea over the second option, which was remaining, but with greater … While PNG's Prime Minister James Marape has said he is personally in favour of Bougainville remaining part of Papua New Guinea, Dr McKenna said she doubted a landslide vote in favour of independence would receive "an outright no" from Port Moresby. Attuned to regional rivalry, senior figures in Bougainville's independence movement have already tried to start a bidding war - warning the nascent nation would turn to Beijing if Western countries do not play their cards right and offer financial support. A Lowy Institute research paper warns there is potential for another "regional crisis" if the people of Bougainville vote for independence, but are unable to reach an agreement with the PNG Government. Related Story: Bougainville may become the world's newest nation — here's what you need to know A ceremony to announce the results of Bougainville's historic referendum opened with a chorus of the Bougainville anthem. This group consists of multiple islands and atolls, of which Bougainville Island is the largest. The interim capital is Buka, though it is expected that major government services and buildings will be moved to Arawa, following reconstruction. "We're arranging for the bamboo bands to play, the kids are preparing themselves to dance [at] the polling booths.". Gold panning on the fringe of Bougainville's Panguna mine, decades after it was closed for large scale mining. Bougainville is a 9000 sq. Instead, Bougainville … Big question marks remain over Bougainville's ability to support itself financially if granted independence — there is a significant amount of post-conflict infrastructure rebuilding that needs to be done, despite hostilities ending more than two decades ago. With four to five hundred-metre-width-strait separated Buka Island (c.500 km 2) its land measures 9,300 km 2 (3591 sq miles). The referendum was approved by the Papua New Guinea government but it is said the result is non-binding. The people of Bougainville have voted overwhelmingly in favour of the autonomous region becoming independent from Papua New Guinea - a major step towards the group of islands becoming the world's newest nation. The mine is estimated to still hold more than five million tonnes of copper and 19 million ounces of gold - worth billions of dollars at current market prices. Bougainville’s recently elected president, a former rebel commander, will now lead independence negotiations. It is perhaps the high point of a 20-year peace process that in turn followed a gruelling, 10-year battle for independence waged between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and PNG Defence Force. Members of the Bougainville Women's Federation cheer in Buka after results were announced in an independence referendum today, Ballot boxes arrive from south Bougainville for registration at the Buka count centre ahead of the result announcement. But former radio announcer Peter Sohia was optimistic. km pacific island and was first subject to European contact in 1768 when Louis Antoine De Bougainville landed there and, in an act of typical vainglory, named it for himself. Australasia. “The new president is one who can lead Bougainville as the next critical phase of the peace process is continued.’’ The PM further stated that “The 2001 Bougainville Peace Agreement is an historical document. Former Bougainville Revolutionary Army Commander Ishmael Toroama, from Central Bougainville, will take up … Bougainville was part of Australian-administered PNG from 1915 until PNG’s independence in 1975. Papua New Guinea’s province of Bougainville in the South Pacific is a step closer to independence after a referendum showed an overwhelming majority want to establish a new nation… Its lead up was closely observed, both by international peacekeepers, and by the press, with many claiming Bougainville could be the next “new nation.” Watched by New Zealand’s foreign minister Don McKinnon (middle), Gerard Sinato (left), premier of the PNG-aligned Bougainville Transitional Government, and … It is situated far from the PNG mainland, to the southeast of the larger island of New Britain and immediately north of the Solomon Islands. 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A decade-long civil war in the 1990s, often referred to as the “Bougainville crisis” (those familiar with the Lloyd Jones novel Mr Pip will recognize the setting) devastated the region. These are politically separate from the Solomon Islands which is a sovereign country. Latest News . Culturally, the people of Bougainville have more in common with the people of Solomon Islands than Papua New Guinea — this was one of multiple factors that have driven calls for independence. About 207,000 Bougainvilleans are registered to vote on whether Melanesian isles will become world’s newest country. On the first of December 1975, two weeks before Papua New Guinea gained its independence; Bougainville unilaterally declared its independence emphasising its wish to remain separate from the new state of Papua New Guinea. Australia could soon have a new country as a neighbour when the Papua New Guinea's autonomous region of Bougainville votes in an independence referendum later this year. Bougainville is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea, consisting of Bougainville Island, Buka Island, and a number of outlying islands and atolls The voting period, which begins today, will last for two weeks with results expected about halfway through December. Play it now. If Bougainville’s people vote for its independence in the historic referendum, the world will get its newest and possibly smallest nation. Was everything 110 per cent rosy all the way? Bougainville is a series of islands to the east of Papua New Guinea and the north-east of Australia, and it is technically part of the same island chain that makes up the Pacific nation of Solomon Islands. People queue to vote at a polling station in the capital city Buka, Bougainville, in a historical independence vote on November 25, 2019. Lying 1500 kilometres from Queensland, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville is physically and ecologically distinct from the remainder of PNG. Voting began on November 23 with ecstatic residents - some festooned in grass garlands - forming makeshift choirs that stomped through the streets, waving independence flags, blowing bamboo pipes and chanting in chorus. Tune in as RN's Rear Vision explores the history of Bougainville, a place of vast mineral resources where a foreign mining company wreaked massive environmental destruction and sparked a lengthy civil war. The Bougainville Referendum Commission has highlighted several "examples of powers that could be available" if voters choose greater autonomy, including power over industrial relations, taxation, and international aid and trade. Along with the upcoming referendum itself, this autonomy was a key part of the 2001 peace agreement signed after the conflict. Citizens of the autonomous region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea overwhelmingly voted for independence, which means it may become the world’s newest country. When Papua New Guinea was granted independence in 1975, Bougainville became a province, even though there was little enthusiasm for it. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (2) _____ for independence in a referendum. Bougainville Parliament's deputy speaker Ms Semoso, who is in favour of independence, said Bougainville was as prepared for independence as any country ever can be — and she said similar concerns were raised about Papua New Guinea prior to its independence from Australia in 1975.
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